Top 10 leading causes of death: Philippines (2003) & USA (2005)


Ten Leading Causes of Mortality Philippines, 2003

1. Heart Diseases—————-38,677—29,019—–67,696–83.5–17.1
2. Vascular System Diseases–29,054—22,814—–51,868–64.0–13.1
3. Malignant Neoplasm———-20,634—18,664—–39,298–48.5–9.9
4. Accidents———————–27,720—6,246——33,966–41.9–8.6
5. Pneumonia———————15,831—16,224—–32,055–39.5–8.1
6. Tuberculosis, all forms——-18,367—8,404—– 26,771–33.0–6.8
7. Symptoms, signs and abnormal
clinical, laboratory findings,
8. Chronic lower resp. dis. —–12,998—5,907——18,905–23.3–4.8
9. Diabetes Mellitus————–6,823—-7,373——14,196–17.5–3.6
10. Certain conditions
originating in the
perinatal period——————-8,397—-5,725——14,122–17.4–3.6

Source: The 2003 Philippine Health Statistics
* Percent share from total deaths, all causes, Philippines
^ Rate per 100,000 population
Last Update: January 11, 2007

US Mortality 2005
—————————————–Number of Deaths————-% of all deaths
Heart Disease————————–652,091——————————26.6
Cerebrovascular Disease————143,579——————————-5.9
Chronic Lower Resp. Dis. ———–130,933——————————-5.3
Accidents (unintentional) ————117,809—————————–4.8
Diabetes mellitus———————–75,119——————————3.1
Alzheimer’s Disease ——————-71.599——————————2.9
Influenza & Pneumonia—————-63,001——————————2.6
Nephritis*——————————– 43,901—————————–1.8

*Includes Nephrotic Syndrome and Nephrosis

Source: US Mortality Data, 2005, National Center for Health Statistics, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009

What is striking in these two tables is the primacy of heart diseases as the top cause of death in both the Philippines and USA. This includes congenital heart problems such as hereditary valvular and septal anomalies; acquired heart illnesses like ischemic, coronary, hypertensive, cardiomyopathic, and infectious conditions are included.

However, in a new report on Dec 10, 2008, cancer is noted to be on the rise. It is expected to top the list of disease killers by the year 2010. The main cause given is the unabated use of tobacco—resulting to an increasing incidence of lung and respiratory malignancies particularly in developing countries.

One notes the exceedingly high accident mortality rate in both countries—deaths that are basically preventable. The vehicular-injuries mortality in the Philippines is strikingly more than 4x in males, those who ply the streets as drivers and travellers.

Greater than 2,000 children are killed every day, or about 830,000 every year, from injuries sustained in preventable accidents, a United Nations’ report said.—PDI (12/11/08, Uy,V)

If #7 NEC in the Philippine data means necrotizing enterocolitis and #10 refers to perinatal diseases, they indicate high mortalities in newborns and children which isn’t reflected in the US data.

Tuberculosis, a treatable old chronic infectious disease still comes as #6 in the Philippines while in USA, Alzheimer’s disease, a degenerative illness of aging ranks high as the 7th leading cause of death.

The disparity of these data serves as a guide on the current healthcare planning and services respective countries must offer. Most of these top killers are preventable in which educational campaigns and proper medical care have significant roles. (Photo Credits: SterlingArtz; Poodle boi)=0=

RELATED BLOG: “The Death Clock and the Dangers of Smoking” Posted by mesiamd at 10/22/2008′ “Cancer races as the #1 disease killer in 2010” Posted by mesiamd at 12/11/2008

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